Experience with the instrumentation accumulates. Patera and Holloway of Pennsylvania State University innovate the equipment, making it easy and inexpensive to operate. The QUICKpress, as it becomes known, is originally designed to provide temperature between 25°C and 1800°C and pressure from 0.5 GPa to 2.5 GPa. The equipment synthesizes a range of technologically-important materials and advances understanding of the Earth’s near-surface and lower crust, as well as extra-terrestrial lithospheres and atmospheres.